Rice Plantation: Check out for modern methods of rice planting. Are you a farmer or an up-coming rice farmer? Here are the essential steps you must take to succeed in this business. We present to you here details of important aspects you must take care of before planting. In fact, before starting to plant rice it is important to take some important aspects into account. Check it out below!
Farmers’ Co-operatives & Clubs:
We care for start-ups. This is part of Complete entrepreneurship development summit programs. So, this article is good for young farmers in co-operatives, clubs and other farmers fora. This post is also good when you are writing your rice farming or processing business plan. In fact, when you need grants from government agencies and other private donors this content will be required to convince your donors of your rice farming knowledge.
Rice Planting Processes – Rice Plantation: Check out for modern methods of rice planting
Choosing the ideal place for planting
First, rice is a grain that needs plenty of water to develop. Therefore, the ideal would be to plant it near rivers, lakes or places that rain frequently. In addition, it is important to use flat, nutrient-rich soils to ensure satisfactory results. Despite the fact that rice develops in rough terrain in Asian countries, it is advisable to avoid this type of location, since they can make harvesting difficult.
In addition, consider using a place of full sunlight, as the rice needs light and temperatures in the range of 21 ºC.
Select the seeds
At this point, you will decide which varieties of cereal will be used in your plantation. It is possible to choose only one species or to use several species. When choosing, however, it’s important to take into account the soil properties and climatic conditions of the region. With this, the types of rice that have shorter cycles can be planted in mid-December, in order to take advantage of the early drying summer rains.
Check out the types of rice:
- Long grain: gives rise to light and soft grains and tends to be drier than other varieties.
- Medium grain: moist, tender, sticky and creamy after creamy. It has the same texture as long grain rice.
- Short grain: becomes soft and sticky after cooking. It is a little sweeter and more suitable for preparing sushi.
- Glutinous: known as sticky rice, because of its texture after cooking. It is used in frozen foods.
- Aromatic: it has more flavor and fragrance than other varieties. This category includes Basmati rice, jasmine, red and black.
- Arboreal: it’s used mainly in risottos and dishes of Italian origin. In addition, after being cooked, it gains creaminess and a consistent core.
Like any other type of crop, rice is subject to the emergence of pests, which can generate great losses. So, to prevent the proliferation of pests in advance, just disinfect the seeds using fungicides. This practice will guarantee the healthy development of the crop, from the moment of sowing until 30 days after the beginning of its growth.
First, make the plowing, plowing and leveling the beds. Consider distributing the seeds in smaller areas to make it easier to manage production. In this way, line the seeds at intervals of a maximum of 10 cm, with a space of 23-30 cm between each row. Soon after, incorporate the compost or vegetable cover in the soil, slightly covering the rice grains. This will assist in fixing the seeds and retaining moisture.
For a healthy development, the rice plantation needs a large amount of water, which is not always supplied by rivers or rains. So, to ensure access to water, in the proper amount, a good alternative is to use irrigation, a technique widely used by farmers.
With the use of irrigation, the crop tends to produce more, since it is in stable conditions. However, in this process, it is important not to leave the soil soaked. Therefore, it is important to set up a system that can be activated manually or automatically for a pre-established time, which should vary according to the type of rice planted.
Rice Plantation: Check out for modern methods of rice planting
Rice cultivation often removes many nutrients from the soil during cultivation. Therefore, it’s not recommended to use the same land to plant the cereal consecutively. This is because there may be a decrease in productivity as well as low quality. Therefore, it’s recommended to wait at least 1 year.
In addition, after harvesting, it’s recommended to clean the remains of the crop, since they take time to decompose and can make it difficult for the next seeds to germinate.
Anyway, did you get your questions answered? Do you want to continue learning about grain cultivation? Also read in the article on rice planting business plan.
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